Einar Engström is a PhD candidate in the Department of Science and Technology Studies at York University in Toronto, Canada. His research concerns the history of synthetic sound from the mid- to late-twentieth century, examining the appropriation of scientific technique into tangentially discursive, embodied, and ritualistic forms of life, including but not limited to musical, DIY, and psychedelic cultures. Resonating through archival and ethnographic analysis, his is a practice-based methodology, impelled and complemented by his identities as electronic musician, consumer, and aspirational luthier. He runs the Gutter Lingo and Phenomena Bureau record labels, and is a founding member of the international Acid Sweat collective. Einar is also a former editor of the Beijing-based contemporary art magazine LEAP, and holds degrees from Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.